They already guide blind and disabled people; now dogs are to be trained to help people with dementia(癡呆).The duties of these “guide dogs for the mind” will include reminding their owners to take medication, as well as encouraging them to eat, drink and sleep at regular intervals.
The dementia dogs will be trained to respond to sound triggers in the home that prompt them to perform tasks. These could include delivering a bite-proof bag of medicine with a note inside reminding the patient to take it, or waking them up in the morning.
The idea was developed by design students at the Glasgow School of Art and will now be put into practice by Alzheimer’s Scotland and Dogs for the disabled.
Joyce Gray of Alzheimer’s Scotland said: “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relatively normal life, and dogs help to maintain routine.”
The other advantage of using the pets as companions is that conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with Alzheimer’s, but dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. People light up when they see animals. They don’t need to communicate verbally but they can still interact. You can have a speechless bond.
The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks, ensuring they keep exercising and interacting with other people.
71.As is mentioned in the passage, the guide dogs will do the following except for __________.
A.helping ensure the owner doing some exercises
B.reminding the owner to take medicine
C.communicating with the owner in a non-verbal way
D.helping the owner recover from the illness
72.Who will train the dogs to perform such tasks?
A.The students who developed the idea.
B.The owners of the dogs.
C.The experts in Alzheimer’s Scotland.
D.It is not mentioned in the passage.
73.What is true about the people suffering from dementia?
A.They would like to stay with other people.
B.They can maintain routine.
C.They will gradually lose the ability to live a normal life.
D.They would like to talk in a different way.
74.The guide dogs helping the people with dementia will __________.
A.respond to the owners’ order
B.respond to a sound device
C.acton the owners’ instructions
D.acton the trainers’ order
75.Having a conversation with people with dementia will be__________.
71.D。【解析】事實細節題。從文中第一段第二句話可知選項B正確，從文中第五段第三句“they don’t need to communicate verbally…”可知選項C正確，從文中第六段“ensuring they keep exercising”可知選項A正確。只有選項D文中并未提及，故選項D符合答案。
72.D。【解析】推理判斷題。從文中第二段第一句“The dementia dogs will be trained to respond to sound triggers in the home that prompt them to perform tasks”可推知并沒有提及誰訓練狗完成任務，故選項D正確。
74.B。【解析】 事實細節題。從文中第二段第一句中“respond to sound triggers”可知狗經過訓練對專門的聲音設備做出反應從而進行工作的。故選項B正確。
75.A。【解析】推理判斷題。從文中第五段中“conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with Alzheimer’s”中可知阿爾茨海默氏癥患者說話日益混亂不清，故可推斷出同阿爾茨海默氏癥患者交流談話是困難的。故選A。